The Kasubi Tombs is one of the oldest historical sites in Uganda; it is located at a village called “KASUBI” almost 7.6km from the capital of Uganda Kampala. This is the place where four Kabakas (Kings of Buganda) were buried and some other individuals of the royal family. It is also one of the most important places in the history of Buganda Kingdom. As a result it became a world heritage site under UNESCO in December 2001, because of its amazing and remarkable vegetal materials used in construction around the entire region of sub Saharan Africa.
Sadly in March 2010, some of the old and major buildings of this site set on fire and the cause up to now is still under investigations therefore in July 2010 the UNESCO included under World Heritage Sites In Danger. The Buganda Kingdom started a campaign of rebuilding the tombs and other historical sites of their Kings which they named as “ETTOFFAALI” and the president of Uganda MUSEVENI said that the government led by him would help in the restoration of the cultural and historical site.
The rebuild started in 2014 and was funded by the Japanese government.
THE TOMB- MUZIBU AZAALA MPANGA
This is the main building of the Kasubi Tombs and it’s where the four Kings of Buganda are buried at the place called “kibira” in local language (luganda).
It’s seated on a round 26 hectares (64acres) but most of the place is an open agricultural land. It is one of the 31 royal tombs of the Kingdom of Buganda, which was built in 1882 by the 35th king of Buganda MUTEESA 1. Though later it became a royal burial place in 1884 after his death. The four Kabakas of Buganda who were buried at this place are:
*DAUDI CWA 11
*SIR EDWARD MUTEESA 11
MUTEESA I-He was born in 1835 and wore the King’s crown in 1856. Muteesa1 was very powerful and intelligent in terms of ruling, he had more spouses than any of his successors. He was also the 35th Kabaka of the Buganda Kingdom and he was the first to be buried in the tombs of Kasubi, he built his palace at the very place where the Kasubi tombs are located. Muteesa died in 1884 and was buried at the Kasubi tombs.
BASAMMULA-EKKERE MWANGA II
Mwanga succeeded his father Muteesa1 after his death in 1884 and was the last Kabaka of Buganda to rule an independent kingdom. He found hardships in his leadership because by the time he became a king, the influence of foreign ruling was growing rapidly. He died in 1903 after converting to Christianity and was named “DANIEL”.
DAUDI CWA II– He was one of the youngest Kings to wear the King’s crown at a younger age. Daudi Cwa succeeded his father Mwanga when he was one year old child. The help of the Christian regents who raised him until he reached 18 yrs of age was a big influence in the Kingdom of Buganda. DAUDI CWA wasn’t as powerful as other kings he succeeded but he was the main character in the signing of 1900 Buganda agreement. He died in 1939 and was also buried at the Kasubi tombs as a result of making the spiritual and cultural character strong.
SIR EDWARD FREDRICK MUTEESA II
He succeeded his father Daudi Cwa after his death. There was a developed conflict between the King and governor Sir Andrew Cohen which led to the King’s exile in England with the representative of the colonial government. He became the president of Uganda on the day of independence in 1962 after his return from exile. He died in 1969 in London where he was exiled by the military government of Apollo Milton Obote. The remains returned back in 1971 and buried at the Kasubi Tombs.